Business R&D in Europe: trends in expenditures, researcher numbers and related policies
Joint Research Centre
Directorate-General for Research and Innovation
Subject headingsIndustrial research ; Research and development ; Research policy ; Business policy ; Financial statistics ; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
In 2002, The European Union adopted in Barcelona a R&D investment target aiming at a R&D intensity of 3% in 2010 with 2% stemming from the business sector. In order to achieve this target, R&D policy makers are requested to design and implement an appropriate policy mix for supporting and promoting enhanced R&D expenditures of the business sector. Statistical data on Business expenditures on R&D (BERD) and number of researchers in the business sector are key sources for informing policy makers about trends in business sector R&D. This report presents and analyses available statistical data on BERD and number of researchers on both, sectoral and EU Member State level in order to identify learnings for R&D policy makers. In addition, the paper presents a methodological approach for linking information on R&D policy measures aiming to enhance business sector R&D investments with statistical data, notably between R&D policy information presented in the ERAWATCH research inventory and relevant statistical categories i.e. government funding of BERD (GBERD) and the GBAORD chapter on "Industrial production, and technology"
Number of pages79 p.
PublisherOffice for Official Publications of the European Communities
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