Council Decision on adding the violation of Union restrictive measures to the areas of crime laid down in Article 83(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
Subject headingsCommon Foreign and Security Policy ; Council Regulation ; Treaty on European Union (‘TEU’) ; Council Regulations ; Commission Communication
Restrictive measures are an essential tool for the promotion of the objective of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (‘CFSP’), as set out in Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union (‘TEU’). These objectives include safeguarding the Union’s values, maintaining international peace and security as well as consolidating and supporting democracy, the rule of law and human rights. For the sake of preserving these values, the Union may impose restrictive measures against third countries, entities or individuals. These measures include targeted individual measures, i.e., targeted financial sanctions (asset freezes) and restrictions on admissions (travel bans), as well as sectoral measures, i.e. arms embargoes or economic and financial measures (e.g. import and export restrictions, restrictions on the provision of certain services, such as banking services) 1 . Preserving international peace and security, is of particular pertinence in the current context of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The Union has put in place a series of restrictive measures against Russian and Belarusian individuals and companies, some of which date back to 2014. In this context, in order to enhance Union-level coordination in the enforcement of these restrictive measures, the Commission set up a ‘Freeze and Seize’ Task Force2 . Besides ensuring coordination among Member States and Union Agencies such as Europol and Eurojust, it seeks to explore the interplay between restrictive measures and criminal law measures. Currently, the Union has over forty regimes of restrictive measures in place. Some of these implement restrictive measures by the United Nations; others are adopted autonomously by the Union. In addition to regimes addressing country-specific situations, the Union has also adopted horizontal regimes targeting proliferation and use of chemical weapons, cyberattacks, human rights violations and terrorism3 . Restrictive measures are binding on Union Member States and on any person or entity under the jurisdiction of the Member States (EU operators)
Number of pages18p.
DescriptionCOM(2022) 247 final