EU R&D Scoreboard : the 2012 EU industrial R&D investment scoreboard
European Commission. Joint Research Centre. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies
Θεματικές επικεφαλίδεςResearch and development ; Industrial research. Industrial innovation ; Economic analysis ; Investment companies
The EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard is published annually by the European Commission (DG Research and Innovation and Joint Research Centre). The 2012 Scoreboard is based on a sample of 1500 companies, the world’s top investors in R&D and representing equivalent to almost 90% of the total expenditure on R&D by businesses worldwide. It measures the total value of their global R&D investment financed with their own funds, irrespective of the location where the relevant R&D takes place. Out of the 1500 companies, 405 are based in the EU, 503 in the US, 296 in Japan and 296 in the rest of the world including Switzerland, South Korea, China, India and 23 other countries. Each of the Scoreboard companies invested more than EUR 35 million in R&D in 2011.